PERIFRASA DALAM RETORIKA PRESIDEN MAHMOUD ABBAS (STUDI BALAGHAH PERSPEKTIF POLITIK)

Muhammad Bachrul Ulum

Abstract


The strategy in rhetoric is a crucial ability that politicians must possess so that what is conveyed can be accepted by the public entirely and widely. This study will discuss how Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas devised a rhetorical strategy using Periphrases in his Speech at the 75th United Nations General Assembly to transfer his political message to the world. Precisely a few days after the announcement of the agreement to normalize diplomatic relations of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Bahrain with Israel. Mahmoud Abbas is an accomplished diplomat who has succeeded in bringing Palestine to progressive achievements to gain recognition of sovereignty and political support from other countries. This study uses a qualitative method with a literature study model. The data collection method used the listening method with the free-talk listening technique (SBC) and the note-taking technique as an advanced method. The results of this study are that Mahmoud Abbas pours many political messages in the phrases he used when delivering the Speech, which was stated through Ithnab's functions based on social facts in Palestine.

Keywords : Periphrase, rhetoric, politic, Mahmoud Abbas, Palestine


Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Hasyimi, Ahmad. Jawahir Al-Adab : Fi Al-Ma’any Wa Al-Bayan Wa Al-Badi’. Beirut: Al-Maktabah Al-’Ashriyah, 1999.

Ali, Al-Jarim. “Al-Balaghah Al-Wadihah,” 2017.

Al-Jarim, Ali. Al-Balaghah Al-Wadihah : Al-Bayan Wa Al-Ma’any Wa Al-Badi’ Li Al-Madaris Al-Tsanawiyah. Kairo: Dar Al-Ma’arif, 1979.

Al-Qazwayni, Jalaluddin. Al-Idah Fi ’Ulum Al-Balaghah. Damaskus: Dar Al-Fikr Al-’Araby, 2000.

Amal, Ichlasul. “The Future of Israel-Palestinian Conflict: Either One State or Two?” Global Strategis 14, no. 1 (2020): 63–76.

Arifin, Anwar. Komunikasi politik: paradigma, teori, aplikasi, strategi komunikasi politik Indonesia. 5793. Balai Pustaka, 2003.

Asmara, Rangga. “Strategi Kebahasaan Presiden Jokowi Dalam Menanamkan Ideologi Dan Manifesto Pemerintahan.” Litera 15, no. 2 (2016): 379–88. https://doi.org/10.21831/ltr.v15i2.11836.

Asror, Abdul Ghoni. “Bahasa Pencitraan Dalam Iklan Kampanye Pilkada Kabupaten Bojonegoro.” Magistra 26, no. 92 (2015): 24.

Azmi, Hasrul. “Tindak Tutur Ekspresif Pidato Presiden Palestina Mahmoud Abbas dalam KTT OKI 2017 (Kajian Pragmatik),” 2018.

Falach, Ghulam, dan Ridhatullah Assya’bani. “Telaah Semiotik Pendidikan Nasionalisme Dalam Puisi ‘Risālah Min Al Mu’taqil’ Karya Sāmih Al-Qāsim.” Al Mi’yar: Jurnal Ilmiah Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab Dan Kebahasaaraban 3, no. 2 (10 Oktober 2020): 231–50. https://doi.org/10.35931/am.v3i2.341.

Hamdani, Muhamad. “Implikasi Perubahan Derivasi Dan Makna ‘ضرب’ Dalam Al-Quran Terhadap Terjemahnya.” Al Mi’yar: Jurnal Ilmiah Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab Dan Kebahasaaraban 1, no. 2 (20 Oktober 2018): 71–86. https://doi.org/10.35931/am.v1i2.39.

Humairah, Mahlil Idatul, dan Abdul Fadhil. “Gerakan Intifadhah dan Kemunculan Hamas (1987-1993).” PERIODE: Jurnal Sejarah dan Pendidikan Sejarah 1, no. 1 (2019): 1–14.

Krebs, Ronald R., dan Patrick Thaddeus Jackson. “Twisting Tongues and Twisting Arms: The Power of Political Rhetoric.” European Journal of International Relations 13, no. 1 (1 Maret 2007): 35–66. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354066107074284.

Luhukay, Marsefio S. “Presiden SBY dan Politik Pencitraan: Analisis Teks Pidato Presiden SBY dengan Pendekatan Retorika Aristoteles.” Scriptura 1, no. 2 (2007).

Masyrofah, Masyrofah. “Fakta Perjanjian Damai Dan Hubungan Diplomatik Negara Timur Tengah Dalam Proses Perdamaian Konflik Israel-Palestina Pasca Kemerdekaan Palestina.” SALAM: Jurnal Sosial Dan Budaya Syar-i 2, no. 1 (2015). https://doi.org/10.15408/sjsbs.v2i1.2243.

Mubaligh, Ahmad. “Relasi Bahasa Dan Ideologi.” LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Dan Sastra 5, no. 2 (2010). https://doi.org/10.18860/ling.v5i2.622.

Muchsin, Misri A. “PALESTINA DAN ISRAEL: Sejarah, Konflik dan Masa Depan.” MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman 39, no. 2 (2015).

Nasution, Zahri. “Bahasa Sebagai Alat Komunikasi Politik Dalam Rangka Mempertahankan Kekuasaan.” Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan 1, no. 3 (11 Desember 2007). https://doi.org/10.22500/sodality.v1i3.5897.

Nejjar, Muhammed. “At-Tathawwur Al-Balaghy Min Al-’Ashr Al-Jahili Hatta ’Ashr Abd Al-Qahir Al-Jurjani.” Kilis 7 Aralık Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 7, no. 2 (t.t.): 1209–39.

“Perifrasa.” Dalam Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas, 14 November 2016. https://id.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Perifrasa&oldid=12044689.

Rozina, Gunta, dan İndra Karapetjana. “The Use of Language in Political Rhetoric: Linguistic Manipulation.” Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 2009, no. 19 (1 April 2009): 111–22.

RT Arabic. Kalimat Ar-Rais Al-Filistiny Mahmoud Abbas Amama Al-Jam’iyyah Al-’Ammah li Al-Umam Al-Muttahidah, 2020. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DTUHXkR4Djs&t=2s.

Savitri, Gita. “Konstruksi Retorika Politik dalam Restorasi Citra: Analisis Pernyataan Pers Boediono dalam Kasus Bank Century.” Jakarta: Universitas Airlangga, 2014.

Syauqi, Dhaif. Al-Balaghah : Tathawwur Wa Tarikh. Dar Al-Ma’arif, 1965.

Thabrani, Ach. “NADZAM DALAM I’JAZ AL QURAN MENURUT ABDUL QAHIR AL JURJANI.” Al Mi’yar: Jurnal Ilmiah Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab dan Kebahasaaraban 1, no. 1 (22 April 2018): 1–14. https://doi.org/10.35931/am.v1i1.80.

Thomas, Linda, Shan Wareing, Jason Jones, dan Joanna Thornborrow. Language, society and power: An introduction. Psychology Press, 2004.

Umam, Naashihul. “Penguasan Wilayah Palestina Oleh Israel Dalam Perspektif Hukum Internasional.” Dinamika: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Hukum 25, no. 13 (29 Juli 2019). http://www.riset.unisma.ac.id/index.php/jdh/article/view/4144.

Utami, Windy Widya, Arif Arif, dan Jelly Leviza. “Perubahan Entitas Palestina oleh Pbb dan Eksistensinya sebagai Negara Pemantau Non Anggota.” Sumatra Journal of International Law 1, no. 3 (2013): 14987.

Yang, Sung-Byung, Hanna Lee, Kyungmin Lee, dan Chulmo Koo. “The application of Aristotle’s rhetorical theory to the sharing economy: an empirical study of Airbnb.” Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing 35, no. 7 (2 September 2018): 938–57. https://doi.org/10.1080/10548408.2018.1455622.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.35931/am.v4i2.530

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Al Mi'yar: Jurnal Ilmiah Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab dan Kebahasaaraban

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indeksasi

Moraref ONESEARCH PERPUSNAS SINTA 4 ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Contact Us:

Al Mi'yar: Jurnal Ilmiah Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab dan Kebahasaaraban

Address: Jl. Rakha Pakapuran, Amuntai Utara

Kabupaten: Hulu Sungai Utara Kode Pos : 71471

Provinsi: Kalimantan Selatan

Telephone: 0813-4653-6600

Email: almiyar@stiq-amuntai.ac.id ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Free counters!

 

 

 

 

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Lisensi Creative Commons

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.