Educational Objectives and Criteria for the Ideal Teacher Perspective of Plato and Al Ghazali

Fitria Cinta, Nafisatun Najwa, Roni Subhan, Imam Bonjol Jauhari

Abstract


This study aims to reflect back on educational goals and teacher criteria according to Plato and Al Ghazali. Writing this scientific paper using descriptive qualitative method through a comparative approach. Literature study is the data collection technique used and the data analysis technique used is to analyze the data or content analysis with the relevant data collection stages. The results of this study are the similarities in the educational goals of Plato's and Al-Ghazali's perspectives, both of which lead to efforts to get happiness. The educational goals of Plato's perspective put more emphasis on scientific abilities and character development so as to achieve individual and state happiness and prosperity. While the purpose of education according to al-Ghazali is an effort to form a perfect human being by getting closer to Allah so that he will get happiness in the world and the hereafter. This can be achieved through several aspects which include cognitive, affective and psychomotor aspects. The similarity of the criteria for teachers from both perspectives, namely between Plato and Al Ghazali requires teachers to always do good, be diligent in worship because teachers are role models for their students. While the difference in the criteria for teachers from Plato's and Al Ghazali's perspectives is that Plato is more inclined so that teachers are able to master several criteria that prioritize cognitive aspects and position themselves as friends. Meanwhile, Al Ghazali is more inclined for teachers to prioritize affective aspects. So that teachers are expected to have characteristics that can bring happiness to the world and the hereafter and teachers must behave like parents to children. Al Ghazali also believes that a teacher must instill sincerity, sincerity, and not demand an honorarium as a teaching assignment.

Keywords


Educational Purposes, Ideal Teacher.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adicita, Yosef, S Fil, Nicolas Agung, Pramudya S Pd, M Sn, Friska Br, Sinaga S Sn, Martina Prativi, and M Fil. “Konsep Ideal Plato Mengenai Filsafat Pendidikan Yang Berbasis Humanis Dan Relevansinya Bagi Pendidikan Seni Musik Di Era 4.0.” Prosiding Seni Pertunjukan 3 1, no. 1 (December 1, 2019): 413–21. http://proceeding.senjuk.conference.unesa.ac.id/index.php/senjuk3/article/view/38.

Agus, Zulkifli. “Pendidikan Islam Dalam Perspektif Al-Ghazali.” Raudhah Proud To Be Professionals : Jurnal Tarbiyah Islamiyah 3, no. 2 (December 17, 2018): 21–38. https://doi.org/10.48094/RAUDHAH.V3I2.28.

Arista, Rizki Noura. “Konsep Pendidikan Menurut Al-Ghazali Dan Relevansinya Dalam Pendidikan Di Indonesia.” Jurnal Tawadhu 3, no. 2 (October 15, 2019): 883–92. https://ejournal.iaiig.ac.id/index.php/TWD/article/view/170.

Atabik, Ahmad. “Telah Pemikiran Al-Ghazali Tentang Filsafat.” FIKRAH 2, no. 1 (June 27, 2014). https://doi.org/10.21043/FIKRAH.V2I1.551.

Daulai, Afrahul Fadhila. “Hakikat Manusia Dan Pendidikan.” Tazkiya: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 10, no. 2 (January 5, 2022). https://doi.org/10.30829/TAZ.V10I2.1222.

Dkk, Ranius. Dasar-Dasar Kependidikan. Sumatera Utara: Yayasan Kita Menulis, 2021.

Effendi, Rusfian. Filsafat Kebhagiaan (Plato, Aristoteles, Al-Ghazali, Al Farabi). Yogyakarta: Deepublis, 2017.

Fikri, M. Kamalul. Imam Al-Ghazali: Biografi Lengkap Sang Hujjatul Islam. Yogyakarta: Laksana, 2022.

Hidayat, Nur. “Komparasi Filsafat Pendidikan Barat Dan Pendidikan Islam.” JURNAL AN-NUR: Kajian Ilmu-Ilmu Pendidikan Dan Keislaman 7, no. 01 (June 25, 2021): 201–15. https://www.journal.an-nur.ac.id/index.php/annur/article/view/66.

Jenilan, Jenilan. “Filsafat Pendidikan.” El-Afkar: Jurnal Pemikiran Keislaman Dan Tafsir Hadis 7, no. 1 (June 7, 2018): 69–74. https://doi.org/10.29300/JPKTH.V7I1.1588.

Karno, Safawardi Yusro, M. Miftahul Huda. Cara Kerja Ilmu-Ilmu. Cilandak: Ptiq Press, 2018.

Lidinilah, Izul Haq. “Teori Idea Plato.” Jaqfi: Jurnal Aqidah Dan Filsafat Islam 5, no. 1 (April 23, 2020): 68–82. https://doi.org/10.15575/JAQFI.V5I1.6859.

MA, Abuddin Nata. Pemikiran Para Tokoh Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada, 2000.

Marwah, Siti Shafa, Makhmud Syafe’i, and Elan Sumarna. “Relevansi Konsep Pendidikan Menurut Ki Hadjar Dewantara Dengan Pendidikan Islam.” TARBAWY : Indonesian Journal of Islamic Education 5, no. 1 (May 1, 2018): 14–26. https://doi.org/10.17509/T.V5I1.13336.

Mubin, Ali. “Refleksi Pendidikan Filsafat Idealisme.” Rausyan Fikr : Jurnal Pemikiran Dan Pencerahan 15, no. 2 (August 8, 2019). https://doi.org/10.31000/RF.V15I2.1800.

Mukromin, Mukromin. “Pemikiran Imam Al-Ghazali Dalam Pendidikan Islam.” Paramurobi: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam 2, no. 1 (October 5, 2019): 33–42. https://doi.org/10.32699/PARAMUROBI.V2I1.814.

MusyafaÂ’, Fathoni. “Idealisme Pendidikan Plato.” Jurnal Tadris Stain Pamekasan 5, no. 1 (2013). https://garuda.kemdikbud.go.id/documents/detail/267589.

Nurohman. “Konsep Pendidikan Al-Ghazali Dan Relevansinya Dalam Sistem Pendidikan Di Indonesia.” As-Salam: Jurnal Studi Hukum Islam & Pendidikan 9, no. 1 (June 26, 2020): 41–60. https://doi.org/10.51226/ASSALAM.V9I1.189.

Raharjo, Bambang. “Konsep Pendidikan Al Ghazali.” Suhuf 2, no. 1 (2009).

Rusdi, Rusdi. “Filsafat Idealisme: Implikasinya Dalam Pendidikan.” Dinamika Ilmu, December 17, 2013, 291–306. https://doi.org/10.21093/DI.V13I2.70.

Samuel. M.C., Ozmon, H. Philosophical Foundation Of Education. sydney: Meril Publishing Company, 2008.

Sudarto. Filsafat Pendidikan Islam. Yogyakarta: Deepublish Publisher, 2021.

Syihabuddin, Muhammad Arif. “Studi Komparatif Filsafat Pendidikan Islam Dan Barat.” JALIE; Journal of Applied Linguistics and Islamic Education 1, no. 1 (August 7, 2017): 68–93. https://doi.org/10.33754/JALIE.V1I1.84.

Tambak, Syahraini. “Pemikiran Pendidikan Al-Ghazali.” Al-Hikmah: Jurnal Agama Dan Ilmu Pengetahuan 8, no. 1 (2011): 73–87. https://journal.uir.ac.id/index.php/alhikmah/article/view/1541.

Tang, Muhammad, and Mansur dan Ismail. “Landasan Filosofis Pendidikan: Telaah Pemikiran Socrates, Plato Dan Aristoteles.” Moderation | Journal of Islamic Studies Review 1, no. 1 (March 25, 2021): 47–56. https://journal.adpetikisindo.or.id/index.php/moderation/article/view/16.

Yanuarti, Eka, Sekolah Tinggi, Agama Islam, and Negeri Curup. “Pendidikan Islam Dalam Perspektif Filsafat Idealisme.” Belajea: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 1, no. 2 (December 27, 2016). https://doi.org/10.29240/BJPI.V1I2.108.

Yuana, Kumara A. 100 Tokoh Filsuf Barat Dari Abad 6 SM-Abad 21 Yang Menginspirasi Dunia Bisnis. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi, 2010.

Zein, Muh. “PERAN GURU DALAM PENGEMBANGAN PEMBELAJARAN.” Jurnal Inspiratif Pendidikan 5, no. 2 (July 1, 2016): 274–85. https://doi.org/10.24252/IP.V5I2.3480.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.35931/aq.v17i5.2209

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Al Qalam: Jurnal Ilmiah Keagamaan dan Kemasyarakatan

Al Qalam: Jurnal Ilmiah Keagamaan dan Kemasyarakatan

index by:

              

Publish by:

Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Al-Qur'an Amuntai

Contact us:

Address: Jl. Rakha Pakapuran, Amuntai Utara
Kabupaten : Hulu Sungai Utara
Kode Pos : 71471
Provinsi : Kalimantan Selatan
Telephone : 085251613000
Email: hafizhihusinsungkar@gmail.com

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.